USPS Says Fully Electric Vehicle Fleet Not Possible by 2033, Requires $ 2.3 Billion in Additional Investment
The United States Postal Service said in its December 2021 environmental impact assessment report that committing to a fully electric fleet of 75,000 courier delivery vehicles would require an additional investment of $ 2.3 billion. . Additionally, the USPS may not be willing to commit more than ten percent of its new fleet to electric powertrains, as the government agency said this “was not achievable.” .
The report was released Jan. 7 and details potential alternatives to its plan to purchase between 50,000 and 165,000 new vehicles that “will replace existing nationwide delivery vehicles that have reached the end of their lifespan.” “. In February 2021, the USPS announced the award of a contract to Oshkosh Defense, LLC for the production of “Next Generation Delivery Vehicles,” or NGDV. NGDVs will include at least 10 battery-powered electric powertrains. The rest would have internal combustion engines.
The USPS is considering alternatives for comparison, which include 100 percent of new vehicles being “off-the-shelf” ICE vehicles (COTS), or 100 percent of COTS electric cars. These are referred to in the report as Variants 1.1 and 1.2, respectfully.
The current plan is for the USPS to begin replacing between 50,000 and 165,000 new vehicles. Ten percent will be electric vehicles, at a minimum. The plan will take ten years and will begin in 2023, as the first NGDV will make deliveries in the course of 2023. the needs of each carrier and its financial situation, ”the report said.
However, it seems unlikely that the USPS will commit to increasing the share of electric vehicles in its fleet for affordability reasons. In his report, he states that while he understands that BEVs are better for the environment, the funding would not allow the USPS to make significant changes to the current plan. The USPS says its preferred alternative is actually the proposed action, which is to buy and deploy up to 90% NGDV ICE with 10% NGDV BEV. “This preferred alternative is also the most feasible given the financial situation of the postal service, as the ICE NGDV is significantly cheaper than the BEV NGDV and does not have the same route length and other operational constraints as the BEV. Finally, the preferred 90% ICE NGDV alternative would result in lower fuel consumption and direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions compared to existing delivery vehicles replaced, ”adds the report.
Realizing that a complete BEV fleet is better for the environment, as it would reduce “approximately 200% less direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions than the 90% ICE NGDV plan”, the financial situation does not. not allow. The USPS states that “committing to purchase more than 10% of BEV NGDV under the preferred alternative is not achievable without additional funding because the 100% preferred alternative BEV NGDV costs $ 2.3 billion more than the preferred 90% ICE NGDV alternative for an order of 75,000 vehicles. If the USPS were to upgrade the 165,000 vehicles to BEV powertrains, it would cost an additional $ 1 billion.
The USPS has a third alternative: no action. The Postal Service is unlikely to engage in this option, but it indicates that “the public service and infrastructure in place at the Postal Service’s facilities are currently meeting service demands.”
The full report is available below.
Usps + Ngdv + Feis Dec + 2021 by Joey Klender on Scribd
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